Some theists and religious pluralists claim that God is wholly other; so transcendent as to be incomprehensible to finite minds. They assert that nothing can be known about God – He is ineffable. No propositions we humans can formulate about Him can be true.
This perspective is fundamentally flawed. Not only is it self-refuting and contradictory, to say no human concept of God can be true of God (since the concept of ineffability is a human concept), it also results in absurdities. For example, if there can be no true propositions about God, then the proposition “God exists” cannot be a true proposition. But surely this is absurd. The ineffability of a being, X, depends on the existence of X. If God is a real entity, then at the very least the proposition “God exists” must be a true proposition about God.
If God’s transcendence means there is no congruence between the thoughts of God and the thoughts of man, so that whatever we know God does not know and vice versa, that would mean if we know the proposition “God exists,” God Himself cannot know it. But surely any conscious being must be aware of its own existence, and thus it is false that our thoughts can never match God’s thoughts. Indeed, as Christopher Neiswonger once noted, if we can’t know God’s thoughts, then we can’t know anything at all because God knows everything!
While humans cannot know every truth about God, this does not mean we cannot know any truths about God. Indeed, on the Christian worldview, God is not wholly other, purely transcendent, and absolutely silent. We are made in His image, He is immanent, and He has revealed Himself to mankind, communicating to us many truths about Him. While we cannot comprehend the depths of these truths, they can be known and apprehended.