A lot of people think that science has proven that the material world is all that exists – no God, no angels, and no souls. The problem is that science can never be used to justify the belief that the material world is all that exists (materialism, naturalism). Science is a tool that examines the workings of the physical world. Of course, if the material world is the only thing your tool examines, it is the only thing your tool will see. But it doesn’t follow that what your tool examines is all there is to examine. Edward Feser compares science to a metal detector. It would not follow that since the metal detector only finds metal objects in the ground there are no treasure maps buried as well. A metal detector is not capable of finding paper. It is only geared toward finding metal objects. Its success in finding what it is geared to find – metal objects – in no way serves as evidence that non-metal objects do not exist. Likewise, the success of science in discovering the workings of the physical world in no way serves as evidence that there is no spiritual world.
To determine whether or not there is more to reality than physical stuff, we must look to disciplines other than science, such as philosophy and theology. Only philosophy and theology are equipped to tell us whether non-material entities such as numbers, propositions, God, angels, or souls exist.
To think that the success of science proves there is no God is naïve. Not only does it fail to grasp the purpose and boundaries of science, but it also displays the hubris (or ignorance) of thinking that science is the only source of knowledge.
- Science cannot explain anything
- Science Cannot Prove the Universe is Eternal
- Science Cannot Identify Uncaused Entities
- God-of-the-Gaps, or Science-of-the-Gaps?: Science Cannot Eliminate God
- The kalam cosmological argument is impervious to scientific refutation