Luke speaks of a Gallio who was proconsul of Achaia. Scholars doubted his existence because it didn’t appear anywhere in the history books and no artifacts had been found bearing his name. But in 1905 a doctoral student sifted through some inscriptions collected from Delphi. He discovered nine fragments that formed a message from Emperor Claudius. In the text Claudius writes “Gallio, my fr[iend] an[d procon]sul….” The inscription was etched into a stone that was likely attached to the Temple of Apollo.
The text is dated between April to July AD 52, which means Gallio probably occupied the chair of proconsul from July 1 AD 51 to July 1 AD 52 (proconsuls usually took office on July 1, and their tenure was generally limited to one year).
It turns out that Gallio was the brother of Seneca, who was a philosopher and the tutor of Emperor Nero.
- The name, title, and date coincide with the information provided by Luke.
- This find helps us more accurately date the events recorded in Acts.